What does the Pregnancy Discrimination Act protect against?

The Pregnancy Discrimination Act offers the following protections:

     1. An employer cannot fire, refuse to hire, demote, or take any other adverse action against a woman if pregnancy, childbirth, or a related medical condition was a motivating factor in the adverse employment action.

     2. The discrimination prohibition applies to all aspects of employment, including pay, job assignments,promotions, layoffs, training, and fringe benefits (such as leave and health insurance).